What is Jajim?

What is Jajim, perhaps is a common question of people interested in traditional Iranian handicrafts. Jajim is one of the beautiful handicrafts of Iran, which is woven with colored threads in small widths and long lengths. Our article includes Origin of the word “Jajim”, its history, application, material and size and designs. also we explore advantages and disadvantages of Jajim, different types of Jajim and the highest number of its production in the provinces of Iran.

Handmade Jajim

What is Jajim

Firstly, we should tell you that this product is a type of traditional persian handicraft. Jajim wove with the weaver’s hands and feet with help of a simple machine in all provinces of Iran.

photo of Jajim

Origion of the word “Jajim”

Due to similar words in Turkish such as Gichim, Gijim and Jajim, this word seems to be a Turkish word. Jijim in Turkish is composed of “Jij”, which means beautiful and full of patterns, and  “im” means mine and the first person singular pronoun. These words also use in Turkmenistan and the Caucasus and Turkish-speaking cities in Iran such as Mahabad, Zanjan and Birjand.

Jajim up close

History of Jajim in Iran

No exact document or information is available on the history of this type of weave in Iran. In an old persian Book related to about 1000 years ago, a Cloth similar to Jajim is mentioned. Its history, probably goes back to more than 1000 years ago.

Jajim Square Design

Application of Jajim

Some of the applications of this product includes bedding, bedspreads, rugs, bed covers, chair covers and backrests. Today, this product also use in a variety of bags, shoes and sofa covers.

Jajim structure

This product wove from wool, cotton, silk, acrylic and goat hair. However, most of The main material of Jajim is mostly wool.

Jajim threads

The size of Jajim

The size of this product varies according to the geographical regions of Iran.

Jajim Photo

The benefits of Jajim

Jajim woven from wool absorbs humidity. Using it in the cold regions as a blanket is useful instead of using Balnkets made from artificial matetials, especially in rheumatic patients. Also in the warm regions, you can use cotton woven jajim to keep the body cool.

Jajim texture

Disadvantages of Jajim

You should be so carefull when you are washing woven jajims made from wool. In hot water, changes occur in the texture of these products and their size changes. Therefore, you should use cold water to wash this type of hand-woven.

Which province of Iran has the highest number of Jajim production?

In Iran, the highest volume of Jajim production is related to the nomads of Ardabil province. The nomads of Ardabil, Meshkinshahr, Khalkhal and Namin weave this product.

What is Jajim?

Click here to see more photos of this handicraft.

Bakhtiari people

Bakhtiari people are one of the largest Iran Ethnic group living among the oak forests of the beautiful slopes of Zagros and in southwestern Iran. Bakhtiari Tribe is an evidence of the bravery. You may see this tribe in the enchanting nature of the snowy mountain range, in the stunning greenery of the forests, in the beauty of rivers and waterfalls. The life of Bakhtiari people is wonderful. In the following we will tell you more about the history of Bakhtiari people, ethnography, the role of Bakhtiari nomadic, ritual and customs, groups of Bakhtiari people and tribe, population and handicrafts of Bakhtiari tribe.

Bakhtiari man

Bakhtiari people, are one of the most populous tribes in Iran. They mostly live in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Lorestan, Khuzestan, Isfahan and Kohgiluye and Boyer Ahmad provinces. Bakhtiari people belong to the Bakhtiari tribe, but nowadays, these people are urbanized in different provinces.

The photos of this post were taken by Mr. Hassan Moghimi. He was also helped us to provide this article in original language, which is Persian.

Bakhtiari tribe passing the river

Bakhtiari tribes and the heroes of shooting and hunting

Here we will dedicate the pleasant and attractive aspects of the strong and beautiful Bakhtiari tribe. We will explain you about the race and linage of the Bakhtiari tribe. In addition to this, we will talk about their political situation, the names of Bakhtiari people and about the two group of Bakhtiari which are Chahar Lang and Haft Lang. also we will tell you about the ceremonies and festivals the bakhtiari people have during their marriage, funeral, birth of a baby and etc.

It is good to know about the religion, and also the lovely food of Bakhtiari tribe. We also will tell you about the fauna and flora in the residential areas of this people. and the handicraft made by Bakhtiari women with love. So be with us and read the rest if you would like to know more about the Bakhtiari Tribe in Iran.

Black tent of bakhtiari people

Origin, lineage and race of Bakhtiari tribes

You should know that similar to most of the tribes and groups in Iran, the Bakhtiari tribes also have their roots in the Aryan race and consider their origin as Aryan. In fact, the Bakhtiari ethnicity belongs to the Lor community of the country. So Lors are divided into two groups of large Lors, known as Bakhtiari and small Lors, in Lorestan, on the other hand also lang. but as we mentioned before they are divided mostly in two major groups known as Chahar Lang and Haft Lang. In fact, Haft Lang is one of the greatest nations in the world.

Bakhtiari tribe in Zagros mountains

Bakhtiari History

It seems that there are many narrations about the name of the name of this nation. But the pure meaning of the word Bakhtiari comes from being lucky and happy. But it also may come from the ruler of this tribe and people, Bakhtiar. Also during the Safavid dynasty, the name of Mirza Jahangir Khan was known by the word, Shakil Bakhtiar. Perhaps, this name goes back to one of Mirza Jahangir Khan’s ancestors.

daily life of bakhtiari people

War between Arabs and Bakhtiari Tribe

Shortly after the defeat of Mohammad Taghi Khan Chahar Lang Bakhtiari, a group of women and children of the Bakhtiari tribe, along with hundred and twele horsemen of Bakhtiari, went to the mountains of Bakhtiar to be safe. This group was led by Ismaeel Makvand, known as Kasmal, they encountered about 1500 Arabs in Czech Cedar area. The leader of Arabs, was Shaikh Hamid bin Ahmed Sharifat. In order to be close to Manouchehr Khan Gorji, this person intended to kill the bakhtiari people on his behalf. Manouchehr Khan became one of the courtiers during the region of Fath Ali Shah. Sahrifat intended to covet and reach out to the beautiful women, property and spoils of the people. but, fourteen riders from the Bakhtiari tribe carried out the destruction of women in case of defeat.

At the same time, the women of three tribes braided their hair in such a way to save the arrow by shooting three people together. While confronting the Arabs, Kasmal, started his speech and used precise war tactics and invited the men of bakhtiari to war.

Stone lions

And each bakhtiari man fought just like a lion. They also defeated and fled, despite the multiplicity of Arabs, flags and weapons. Thus, in this war, Arabs suffered a humiliating defeat. Finally, in addition to defeating the Arabs, the bakhtiari people were able to gain many captives and even spoils. This event took place in 1220 AH.

Bakhtiari women

Bakhtiari tribe

It is good to know that the Bakhtiari race consists of a group of groups that gradually migrated to Bakhtiari land. By combining life with the native, they were able to form a tribe with political and social conditions called Bakhtiari. The bakhtiari people were considered as a part of the great Lor. Also, Bakhtiari tribe is divided into two groups called Chahar Lang and Haft Lang. each of them can represent a branch of the Bakhtiari tribe.

The difference between Lor and Bakhtiari

In fact, we are going to tell you that despite some people are thinking these two tribes are different, but they are the same. And it is only the difference between words. In general, Lor and Bakhtiari both are same tribe. Both have the same history and root. So there is no difference between Lor and Bakhtiari tribe.

Bakhtiari Man

The hunting tradition between Bakhtiari tribe

It is interesting to know that the Bakhtiari tribe does not allowed to hunt all kind of living animal. They try not to kill female or young animals. And they hunt the old and male ones usually.

They believe some birds, are so appropriate for hunting.

Waterfall in Zagros mountains

Weddings in Bakhtiari tribe

Another interesting thing about Bakhtiari tribe is their weddings. They usually have family marriages. In old days, immediately after a baby was born, they made it clear and fix that to whom the girl or boy will marry in the future. We doubt if the family marriage still be there but it usually is between known people. they have so many interesting traditions on weddings and special performing and music.

Bakhtiari wedding ceremony

Dowry in Bakhtiari tribes

It is a fixed and old tradition that the groom, should give a valuable gift or some golds or cash to his mother in law. This gift, gold or cash is for the milk the mother gave to her daughter. And the most interested thing is that this money would be spent on dowry to buy necessary household stuff.

colorful clothes of Bakhtiari people inn wedding

The bride herself will make the rug and carpet, for they are best in this art. Usually the bride’s father will buy few things and send them to his daughter and son in law’s house. Some also give their daughters a male cow, or a horse. And a very common, traditional and interesting part is that the Bakhtiari Bride should take a copper tub, for taking a bath. To be honest these kinds of traditions you may find everywhere and in so many different ways, but the tribes have the most interesting and different traditions all around the world.

Spring migration of bakhtiari people

Mourning Ceremony in Bakhtiari Tribe

When someone passes away in Bakhtiari tribe, the most important thing is that the other relatives and friends never will leave the mourner family. They try to sit with them and help them in all ways. The tradition is to wear black clothes. The mourner family will make a black tent as well, so the whole family and relatives can come even from far distances and stay with them. a very interesting and respected tradition is the people who come to visit the mourner family, will pay for the food and everything to help the family with their fund situation.

stone lion

During the mourning ceremony, usually men stand a bit far from women, and the women cry and sing a sad song for the person passed away.

Shaikh Ali Khan Waterfall in Koohrang

Riding in Bakhtiari tribe

Horse is the most important animal along with tribes where they ride and travel with them. And it is good to know that all people in Bakhtiari tribe know how to ride a horse. This animal is raised by the bakhtiari people from birth. At the age of three, a saddle will be tied around the horse’s back to prepare them for loading. After the carrying the load several times, the horse is definitely tired and wants a little rest. This will repeat several times and then the horse is ready. In this way the horse will be ready for riding or carrying more time. Horse are used also in mourning and wedding ceremonies and also games. Indeed, the Bakhtiari horse should be considered as one of the most beautiful horse breeds.

Bakhtiari people crossing the river

Are Bkahtiari people Greeks?

There are two theories about the origin of the Bkahtiari people. the first one is based on the sayings and researches of some anthropologists such as Wilson, WHO, citing scientific articles by Loimer, say: “The bakhtiari dialect is originally Iranian mixed with old Pahlavi words. Also a mixture of Arabic, Turkish and Kurdish with tribal roots.

The second theory is based on the words of another researcher, Schneider. He believed that the Bakhtiari were non-Iranians of Greek, Turkish and Mongol descent. Deciding on this important issue requires more research and knowing the name of the word Bakhtiari. At the end what is important is that they are Iranian and live in Iran.

summer settlements of Bakhtiari nomads

Shooting in Bakhtiari culture

You should know that living in the desert, mountains and having difficult living conditions, made the shooting skills system necessary for the Bakhtiari tribes community. Even the need for defense makes it compulsory to learn this mastery. The Bakhtiari tribes have excelled in shooting and hunting since ancient times and were very skilled in shooting. The best and the most interesting part is that the Bakhtiari people has the art of shooting the target while riding. The art of shooting and equestrianism are among the basic teachings of Bakhtiari parents to their children. Indeed, people have witnessed the struggle of the heroes of the Bakhtiari tribes using this art in the Iran-Iraq war. Bakhtiari tribes use the art of shooting, including equestrianism. On various occasions such as mourning, weddings and other celebrations.

Bakhtiari Tribe

Tradition and beliefs of Bakhtiari people

The bakhtiari tribe sometimes has beliefs in life that have their roots in religion, nature, guns, livestock, mountains and plains. Beliefs that, while simple, can sometimes be broken. Among them, Bakhtiari relatives consider that women as valuable and respectable if the first child is a boy. Having a son is synonymous with increasing the power of warfare, originality, preservation and transmission of the culture of the elders.

Old tombstone in Lorestan

If a person does not have a son, he is considered a blind man. They also believe in the old belief that the star is evil. The Bakhtiari people believe that when they leave home, they should not migrate and encounter this star in the sky. Indeed, the Bakhtiari people believe that avoiding evil, through sacrifice and shedding blood. Such beliefs are intertwined with the lives of Bakhtiari tribes and are the basis of the changes in their lives.

Black tent of bakhtiari people

Women’s clothing in the Bakhtiari tribe

The most colorful clothes belong to women of Bakhtiari tribe for sure. They use a large silk scarf. This scarf is rectangular in shape. They use a decorative hat called Lak. Which is decorated by coins, pearls and sequins and is placed under the scarf. There also is a silver chain, which uses to hold the scarf and stains firmly. This chain has a nice decoration which manifests itself in a special way. And the blouse or shirt or the outfit which is being used for the upper body, should cover till knee and usually has a slit. The trousers which are usually made of velvet fabric, are pleated trousers. The velvet vest also worn over the shirt. And the shoes, Bakhtiari women’s shoes are made of leather and are called sash.

Bakhtiari Woman

Men’s clothing in Bakhtiari tribe

Men in Bakhtiari tribe, use a fleece top called Chokha or Chogha. This unique outfit has a height below the knee and is in a beautiful combination of black and white lines. The combination of the colors in Chogha can be a symbol of good and evil. so Bakhtiari pants which men use have very wide slippers called debit, it is good to know that these pants are only in black color.

Bakhtiari tribes usually wear these pants with coat and leather belt. The men use a black color hat on their head which is the sign of greatness. The shoes which men in bakhtiari tribe use are known as Give Maleki. It is handmade shoes with leather sole.

Bakhtiari Man

Women role in bakhtiari tribe

Now it is the time to talk more about the brave women of Bakhtiari tribe. The most famous Bakhtiari woman named Bibi Maryam Bkahtiari, daughter of Hossein Gholi Khan. She was known as Sardar Maryam, who had a free mind and was fluent in several world languages. She has a myth between Bakhtiari people. in general, bakhtiari women always walks and lives next to her people and to take care of not only the family but also the whole tribe. Women are the main pillar of any effort in Bakhtiari tribe.

More about Bakhtiari women

Bakhtiari women even fights alongside the men. Bakhtiari wife breaks the woods for fire and work in the farm. They bake the bread in such deep and really scary ground ovens. Bakhtiari woman doesn’t know what is the fear. They also have the art of weaving carpets and rugs. and are so talented in handicrafts. They stand by their husbands after marriage. And also they are best mothers to children.

Arts and crafts in Bakhtiari tribe

The art is a powerful thing between Bakhtiari people and specially women. The most important field of art between bakhtiari people is the carpet. Which is the product of bakhtiari nomadic artists and women. Bakhtiari women make carpets from dyed wool yarn. The other art between bakhtiari people is felt. Felt cloth is used to make blanket, vests, capes and so on. You can also find a special footwear made by hand or some outfit made by felt. To conclude, mostly you can find everything made by hand in bakhtiari people.

Bakhtiari tribe- Bakhtiari people

Food in bakhtiari tribe

At the end, it is time to talk about delicious food of bakhtiari tribe. The most famous bakhtiari food is kebab and the popular type of bakhtiari kebab. Except for kebab you can find delicious soups there. Tomato pilaf is a popular dish of bakhtiari tribes in which mutton is cooked separately. They put a coin in meatballs during the Eid dinner. And they believe good things will happen to the person who gets the meatball with coin. They have so many other traditional and delicious food with meat, chicken and also liver. And also so many different soups.

Keshish House

Keshish House in Isfahan

A historical building remained from Qajar era in Jolfa district in Isfahan city in isfahan province, known as Keshish House, is one of a few old buildings and houses that remained almost intact. This historical house belongs to a priest named, Gargin Hananian. That is why it is called Keshish house or the Priest House. Keshish in Persian means Priest. In the following, we will introduce the Keshish House nad the history of this house, the address and the location.

Keshish House Hotel

In Jolfa district, which is one of the old districts in Isfahan, you can find an old Qajar accommodation with the Safavid architecture. A Priest was the owner of this house. The architecture of this house is Iranian Safavid. The priest named, Gargin Hananian and was the respected priest of the Vank church.

The entrance gate of the Keshish Hotel

This priest was a respected one between Armenian Community in Isfahan and in fact that is way he’s buried near the bell tower in the vank church. He was born in 1881 in Jolfa district in Isfahan. He educated in Jolfa and for higher education he went abroad. Indeed, Armenian and priests used to travel to India and Lebanon for higher education.

The House of Gargin Hananian

He became a priest in 1910 but after working hard for years. Additionally, the popularity of the Keshish House and this Qajari accommodation, is not only because of the architecture and the design, but also for the personality of this priest and the owner of this historical house. In addition to religious activity, he used to write and translate. In his life time he wrote many articles and books in Armenian, French, English and Persian and all were published in known magazines and journals.

He wrote the book named, Armenian Churches in English and also a Persian-Armenian dictionary. Translated works of him are “Martyr Armenia” English to Armenian and “Armenian nation” from French to English. As a result, the Persian-Armenian dictionary published in 1933 in Tehran.

Architecture of the Keshish House Boutique in Isfahan

This historical house, which now is known as Keshish House Boutique and Keshish House Hotel in Isfahan and in Jolfa district, has a unique design. The main building includes the Shah-Neshin, which means the main hall and the biggest room of the House, a vestibule or an arctic entry, rooms and a nice big terrace. You will see a water fountain in the yard which is an important element of an Iranian architecture. There are four columns in terrace with an impressive design. Arts like, glass and mirror work, Qashani and colorful wooden designs.

The priest House-Keshish House in Isfahan

There is a historical construction remained from the Qajar era on the north part of the Keshish Hotel. Other buildings added recently to this place. But the architect of these buildings used the same Qajar and Safavid architecture, to keep the main and historical style of the House. One of these buildings is a library. A place to keep the old books and antique stuff.

Renovation of the Keshish Hotel or house and boutique

In 2005, this historical house in Jolfa district of Isfahan, was sold to a known Person of Isfahan, Mr. Homayoun Afham. This person was interested in art and culture and bought this place from the priest’s heirs. By his order the renovation was done by some of the best and known architecture of Iran and then they made it an accommodation. The Keshish House Boutique and Hotel. A traditional Qajar accommodation.

Keshish House

Where is the keshish Hotel or House in Isfahan?

There are so many historical places and houses in Isfahan and mostly remained from the Qajar and the Safavid era. One of the best and most beautiful is the House which has become the Keshish hotel in Isfahan. This historical and traditional hotel and accommodation is located in Jolfa district, No.10, Zeytoon, Sang Tarashha Alley, Isfahan, Iran.

Courtyard of the Keshish House

Contact of the Keshish Hotel in Isfahan

For reservation and booking information you can call : +983136255918

The booking price start at: 3150000 IRR

Weather in Isfahan

Searching about the climate and the weather of the destination is something necessary and we need to check before planning. So we know which clothes to carry with.

Bellow you can check the weather of now and 5 coming days



You can simply use some applications on your smart phone and find the exact location of this place.

The photos in this post are by Ms. Elnaz Eftekhari, a photography photographer.

mollabashi house

Isfahan’s Mollabashi Historical House (Motamedi House)

‪This beautiful house, known as Isfahan’s Mollabashi Historical House, is also known as Isfahan’s Motamedi House. This house belongsTo the Zandiye and Qajar era. In recent centuries this house has been observing Isfahan’s history. Recently in the 80’s  Dr. Motamedi bought and renovated it. Some days even the homeowner is at home!

‪One of the unique things about this house is that all rooms are carpeted and give the visitor more sense of being home Because of the Iranian carpet. so-called, the house is Carpeted.

Mollabashi House address

Mollabashi House is located in the urban context of Isfahan. The location and address of Mollabashi House is as follows: Isfahan Province , Isfahan City, Isfahan Paghaleh Neighborhood, Malek Street, Mollabashi Alley, First House on the right. The rest of the alley in the past has been for Mollabashi and the place of stables.

‪Visit Mollabashi House

‪The Mollabashi house is privately owned, meaning it does not have a systematic and cultural heritage and ticket sale, you can go every time, there is Kindly old man that you can pay for (on February 97 we got 15,000 tomans for each but it doesn’t have a fixed rate). So there is no specific time of arrival, but the best time to visit at regular hours such as 9 Am to 7pm for someone to answer.

Motamedi House Contact No.

Motamedi House Phone is below.


‪Beautiful New tourist attraction

‪Isfahan is full of attractions Places that gives you a good sense of new experience in Isfahan, Mollabashi home made up of different parts, if I you want to go there and take a photo, it might spend your time  between 1 and 2 hours. This home, with its various rooms, beautiful courtyard, colored glass and old furniture gives you a feeling of home and peace. You can even take a photo of the bride and groom in this location.

‪Isfahan’s Mollabashi House (Isfahan Motamedi House)

The Mollabashi House (Isfahan Motamedi House) this beautiful historical home is comprised of various interiors and exterior areas, courtyards and corridors. The beautiful rooms inside the house that also have a childbirth house! Rooms with colored ** give a sense of art and beauty to the human.

‪First we go to the main part of the house that symbolizes this house. Interior rooms with its large and colorful ** and Iranian carpets and old backpacks, it makes you cringe to sit here and immerse yourself in the thought and just enjoy the everyday fun. If you reach these **  and If you put away the curtains of the house by the attendant,

‪the colorful lights will be scattered throughout the room and be a dreamly for the art of photography and fantasy…

inside mollabashi hause

Visit Mollabashi House

‪After that, you would reach a room full of beds and backpacks. It takes you a moment to remember your past and your grandparents’ home. You might even want to hide in the old bed like and go upstairs… Then you get to the bedroom and you are fascinated.

Bedrooms of Mollabashi

‪There is a beautiful small basin which has some unique paintings upside on the roof of this place.

Mollabashi Isfahan House


‪Even in the backyard you can see beautiful paintings and contemporary tiles. The presence of these jars may make you thirsty or hungry.

There is a beautiful small basin which has some unique paintings upside on the roof of this place.

‪Beautiful contemporary paintings and tiles could be seen in the yard too.

Isfahan Mollabashi House Yard

The roof of Mollabashi house in Isfahan

‪colored glasses‫…

‪Colorful glasses and windows…. After visiting the main and big hall and rooms of Mollabashi house, you should visit other small but colorful rooms at the other side. …

Maternity Room of mollabashi House

‪Next to this Place was a Childbirth room, formerly used for the birth of infants, where they welcomed a newborn baby.

Guest Room Mollabashi

‪Which also has another part of the guest room in the space opposite the top photo…

The roof of Mollabashi’s house

‪From the different sections you visit, be sure to go up to the top of roof. You can see the house from another perspective and visit the rooms and other parts of the house.

The roof of Mollabashi’s house

‪Again we come to a room with attractive elements that you like Sitting on interesting chair

Mollabashi House Room

‪The roof and home view of this room…

Another view of Isfahan’s Mollabashi House

‪The Orsi and the colored glass in their room fascinate the eyes.

Colored windows of Mollabashi house

‪View of the upper room with various paintings on the ceiling that symbolize and the different months of the year and the glass and carpet of the Iranians are visible from above.

Alcove of Mollabashi House

Alongside the beautiful, artistic and original Iranian architecture of this house, old appliances also play a role in making it more special.

Old furniture of Mollabashi house in Isfahan

beautiful corridor

The rooms of this house overlook the courtyard. One of the paths is connected by this beautiful corridor.

beautiful corridor motamedi hause

The rooms of this house overlook the courtyard. One of the paths is connected by this beautiful corridor.

A beautiful hallway which lighting and paintings do not allow you to just cross that and like to sit in the hallway and take a photo. The bottom of this hallway is also decorated with these beautiful glass. Here, the surroundings of this beautiful house remind us again, that we must enjoy the whole path even the hallway and just going to  an unknown purpose.

The exact location of Mollabashi House in Isfahan

With the help of the map and location of Motamedi House in Isfahan, you can route to this beautiful house with the help of your mobile phone.

Ascent of Damavand summit

Climbing up Damavand peak

Details of this journey is written by Ali Tavakoli. If you are willing to see more about him, you can reach his personal page by clicking here.

I, Ali Tavakoli, as a hiker and a veteran of war who have lost one leg and a residence of Aligoodarz in Lorestan province, have implemented the national plan of peaking 31 summits from 31 distinct provinces of Iran which is designed by Mountaineering and Sports Climbing Federation, that obviously is responsible for determining the highest peaks in Iran.

The beginning of the ascent route to Damavand peak

Description of ascent of Damavand peak

  • Damavand is highest peak in Mazandaran province with 5671 meters height
  • Height of start spot for ascent: Approximately 3000 meters, Goosfand sara or mosque
  • Elevation height: 5671 meters
  • Ascent route: Southern route
  • Ascent time: 2 days (3:30 hours and 5:30 hours to goosfand sara and summit respectively, in aggregate 9 hours)
  • Descent time: 5:15 hours
The ascent route to Damavand peak

Damavand Peak, highest peak in Iran

Manna, Ali Tavakoli, started my forth plan to clime Damavand peak in which my friend, Jabar Bagherian, was my accompany. I had to start from Polour city that was 455 km far from my own city, Aligoodarz. I reached there at 10:00 am. After providing the requirements, we started our route by a car toward Goosfand sara. We had to pay 15000 tomans as a toll but I refrained from paying as federation does not provide any services to climbers.

Start of climbing up Damavand summit

Finally, we started at 13:00 pm from mosque that is located in 3000 m height toward third base in 4200 m height. We reached there at 16:30 after 3:30 climbing. Next morning, we got up at 5:00 am. The onset of climbing was at 6:00 am. After 6 hours hiking from southern route and passing through steep slopes in harsh weather condition due to winds, we reached at the summit in 5671 m height.

Climbing Damavand Peak

Description of Damavand peak

The weather condition was harsh due to wind that was blown with 70 km/h velocity. We spend 15 minutes on taking photos and congratulating to our peers. Afterward, we left summit at 12 :00 pm toward third base. We reached there at 14:00 pm. We took a rest and had lunch and started to come down at 15:00 pm toward mosque. We finally reached mosque at 18:00 and used another car to reach polour camp successfully.

Above Damavand peak

Groups and companions during this trek

This plan was done with coordination of Mr. Jabar Bagherian who is sophisticated climbers of Kelardasht city and presence of other dear climbers.



Ghasr Monshi

Ghasr monshi of Isfahan is one of the masterpieces of Isfahanian architects in Safavie era. Qasr Manshi Hotel is one of the recommended accommodations in Isfahan province.

ghasr monshi Isfahan

Ghasr Monshi Palace

In ancient place of Ghasr Monshi that nowadays is called Hassan Abad, this masterpiece from lately Safavie era and early of Ghajar era attracts tourists. A monument with many floors which was one of the Fathali Shah accommodations. During ages, numerous important political and religious people lived there, for instance minister of Ghajarie era.

Hotel and Restuarant

Ghasr Monshi of Isfahan

 This palace is registered as a national monument in 2005. After repairs, people are using it as a caravansary that includes hotel and restaurants. You need to walk up a lot of stairs to reach restaurants.

Hotel in isfahan

Hotel of Ghasr Monshi

The location of Ghasre monshi is near other famous attractions of Isfahan, In GhasrMonshi alley and Hassan Abad era. You are eligible to reach famous places such as Isfahan Constitutional House, Naghshe Jahan square, Alighapou, traditional bazaar and predominantly Khaju bridge and si-o-se-pol bridge easily .


The location of Ghasre Monshi

For your convenience, we have provided following location that helps you to reach this monument easily.

ghasre monshi


The images of this post are by Fateme Ghaderi.

Podoces pleskei-Zaghe bur

Iran has a diversity of birds that are not native but zaghe bur. These birds live in desserts exclusively, considered their specific beauties. From the habitats of Zaghe bour, Turan park and conservation area of Abbasabad in Naeen city are the most important ones. These birds have completely adapted to live in dessert and could not be found in anywhere else.

Podoces pleskei, Zaghe bour, Zaghe bur

It has a blonde-pink color that help it to camouflage in dessert. It could be nimble on rough stones duo to its strong feet. Also, its hard beak could easily excavate the ground. It usually prefers to walk around rather than flying. Its most favorite flora are Ghich, Peanut, Sagebrush, Pruritus and Tamarisk.
Ghich is a short plant with thick and watery branch and small leaves like spoon.

zagh bour

Specifications Podoces pleskei

Persian name: Bor chicken, Zagh bour, Bour chicken, Kaviri zagh, English name: Persian Ground-Jay, Scientific name: Podoces pleskei, Size: Size of this bird is about 24 cm.

Food and diet for zaghe bour

feeds on insects and grains of desert plants.


It lives in desert and semi-desert steppes. Their favorite place is QichZar. This birds prefers the qich to nests to other plants. They  built the nests together with Qichs.

Reproduction and regeneration

In the spring, this blond Iranian crow lays two pale green eggs in its nest. The mother is responsible for maintaining and sleeping on the egg for 1 to 2 days. The male is responsible for supplying food. Distribution of chicken boron in  is found in eastern and southeastern parts of Iran. Their areas and environment is desert areas.

Ground jay

The sound of Persian Podoces pleskei

In the below video, you can hear the sound of this beautiful bird,

The singing at the sunrise

The following documentary is about a Persian Ground Jay, called Bride Desert. Watching this beautiful documentary for 45 minutes, you can see the life of a pair of chicken birds,

Bride Deseret Documentary

zaghe bour

The role of Persian ground Podoces pleskei in the nature

Every creature has a role and duty in nature and creation. This Bird with feeding insects helps balance their populations. By eating the seeds of the plant and disposing of it elsewhere helps to produce plants. This is the cycle of nature between wildlife, which leads to a balance in nature. Unfortunately this year we are destroying the wildlife of Iran by eliminating this cycle.

Podoces pleskei

The images of this post are by Shahrzad Fatahi and Mehdi Jalalpour.

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